Boeing 747 Pilot Operation Handbook

For use with Flight Simulator only

General Information: Boeing 747-400/400XER/400XS/500X/600X


                 747-400    747-400XER    747-400XS    747-500X    747-600X
Length           231'10"       231'10"      255' 3"     251' 0"     278' 0"
Wing Span        211' 5"       211' 5"      211' 5"     251' 0"     251' 0"
Height            63' 8"        63' 8"       63' 8"      70' 0"      70' 0"

Weight (lbs):
Empty            403,559       420,000      430,000     450,000     480,000
Fuel             385,806       450,000      450,000     500,000     600,000
Payload          138,000     
MTOW             870,000       921,700      948,150   1,166,225   1,200,000 
MLW              585,000       620,000      635,000     875,000     890,000

Engines: 747-400



Operating Performance:

* DO NOT Exceed 250kts @ or Below 10,000ft Altitude.*

Take-off speed@ MTOW:

ILS & Approach speed @ MLW:

Cruise Speeds:


When flying long routes (over 5hrs) with MTOW, climb to FL300 & hold Alt with cruise speed 0.80 - 0.81 Mach , then fly that level for 30-45 min. then climb to FL310 - 320 @500 fpm and so on until you reach FL350 @ 0.80 - 0.85 Mach

Try not exceed 91% N1 during cruise in order to have available thrust for emergencies & be more efficient with fuel burn. The reason I mentioned the above procedure with X-Plane is to avoid too much nose pitch up attitude which put the aircraft wing @ higher angle of attack causing speed bleed leading to a clean stall if you are not careful.

The time taken between cruise climb is important because the aircraft will burn fuel (losing weight), your speed will gradually increase @ the same N1 setting , your aircraft pitch up will decrease helping you for the next cruise climb. Rate of climb at these alts should be between 300-500 fpm in order not to lose speed rapidly. The more you climb to FL350 the more the air density is less the better the engine fuel consumption (more range)& the less is thrust.

I usually output data for N1 on the screen & switch the EICAS to fuel management to observe aircraft status on fuel burn & range.

You should carry fuel enough for the flight + 40mis for diversions & emergencies i.e. if your trip is 5 hrs long, you load fuel for the required 5hrs flight plus fuel for an extra 40 min. You should know your aircrafts average fuel consumption for the type of engines fitted with in order to determine the fuel weight required for the flight. Remember that weight is drag, drag is more fuel burn which costs money (for virtual pilots flying for virtual airlines :), so do not carry fuel more than you need. You have a destination to go to & MLW limit. You do not want to arrive to your destination with total weight above MLW!.

FAR Field Lengths

Take-off Check List

Final Landing Check List

During Descent Check

ROC Rate Of Climb

Below 10,000 ft

* DO NOT Exceed 250kts @ or Below 10,000ft Altitude.*

Above 10,000 ft to Cruise Flight Level FL

ROD Rate Of Descent

B747-400 pilot eye view is high above ground so be aware of landings, this is not a B737!

MLW = Maximum Landing Weight MTO = Maximum Take-off Weight V2 = Safe Climb-out speed (The speed after Vr, Rotation speed or Lift-off speed) Vat = Landing speed at runway threshold Flap/Gear down (X-Plane @ 50'...25'...10') Vapr= Approach Speed , just add 5-10kts to Vat with flap/gear down @ MLW or less Vno = Normal Operating Speed Vmo = Maximum Operating Speed Vne = Never Exceed Speed FL350 = Flight Level 35,000'